Nations across the world now have an “unprecedented opportunity to talk to each other and learn from each other”, Inga Rhonda King, President of the UN Economic and Social Council (ESOSOC), said on Tuesday, kicking off the annual High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) in New York.
The HLPF is the chief global forum for reviewing successes, challenges and lessons learned, on the road towards reaching the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.
This year, the annual meeting is being held under the theme “Empowering people and ensuring inclusiveness and equality”.
The Forum will assess progress made over the past four years, since the Goals were adopted by all Member States at UN Headquarters, and decide what needs to be done moving forward and “where we are collectively in SDG implementation, globally, regionally, nationally and locally”.
Ms. King explained that “this meeting is not an end in itself” but “a global platform” to showcase experiences and forge partnerships. “We all learn from each other so that we can go back enriched with new experiences” to achieve “the ultimate goal for people, planet and prosperity”.
SDG goals under the spotlight:
- Goal 4 – Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.
- Goal 8 – Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.
- Goal 10 – Reduce inequality within and among countries.
- Goal 13 – Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
- Goal 16 – Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
- Goal 17 – Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development
She also made clear the “special” nature of this year’s HLPF, which will inform the upcoming SDG Summit in September.
“We also hope that all countries and actors will announce SDG Acceleration Actions at the summit”, she said. “We must demonstrate our continuing commitment to the 2030 Agenda”.
ECOSOC Vice President Valentin Rybakov updated the meeting on key messages from Monday’s Integration Segment, which flagged the need to ensure inclusiveness and equality while empowering citizens across the world.
He drew attention to the strong link between the 2030 Agenda and what he dubbed the “Five Ps”, namely people, planet prosperity, peace and partnership.
“Achieving the SDGs require an immediate change in course”, he said. “We need to address deep rooted inequalities and vulnerabilities across the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development” by focusing on policies that “aim to lead no one behind” and address the mechanism lead to the “concentration of wealth and power at the top”.
Mr. Rybakov made the case that “antidiscrimination legislature remains an important tool” to help even up gender equality while pointing to the need to address “the burden of unpaid care and domestic work” on women and girls, “which hinder their participation in education and employment”.
“The subsidiary bodies and UN system recognize that all this means that we need a profound over hall of our current development models”, he remarked, including to replace “silo thinking” with “integrated policies”, particularly in dealing with hunger and poverty.
‘Act now with renewed commitment’
In his opening remarks, Liu Zhenmin, chief of the UN’s Department of Economic and Social Affairs, underscored the “powerful message” of the 17 SDGs, calling on countries to “join forces” to create “an equitable, prosperous and sustainable future for all”.
However, noting critical challenges, he pointed out that “the clock is ticking”.
“The most vulnerable people and countries continue to suffer the most – including countries in special situations and in conflict and post-conflict settings”, outlined Mr. Liu. “The global response thus far has not been ambitious enough”.
He maintained that everyone must work collectively to bring the 2030 Agenda to fruition, by better managing evolving risks and seizing social, economic and environmental opportunities.
“It is imperative to act now with renewed commitment and accelerated action”, he stated, adding that “an online registry” had been created on the SDG summit webpage to record related actions and implementations.
In the current landscape of “deepening inequalities and human suffering”, Mr. Liu stressed that it is “critical to demonstrate to the world how truly committed we all remain to the spirit and ambition of the 2030 Agenda”.
In closing, he encouraged the participants to draw upon each other’s knowledge and expertise “with a common goal to build on important gains and create a sustainable future” that will “lead us towards a world of dignity for all”.
New SDG report
The UN also launched its latest key SDG report on Tuesday at UN Headquarters, which concludes that although progress has been made, “monumental challenges remain”.
Progress is evident tackling extreme poverty reduction, widespread immunization and increased access to electricity, but the report warns that global responses have not been sufficiently ambitious, leaving the most vulnerable people and countries to suffer most.
Overall, it revealed that climate change and increasing inequality are not only undermining progress toward achieving the 2030 Agenda but also threatening to reverse many gains made over the last decades.
Key report findings
- Increasing inequality among and within countries requires urgent attention.
- 2018 was the fourth warmest year on record with increased levels of carbon dioxide concentrations.
- Ocean acidity rose to 26 per cent higher than in the pre-industrial era, with a projected increase from 100 to 150 per cent, by 2100.
- The number of people living in extreme poverty declined from 36 per cent in 1990, to 8.6 per cent in 2018, but the pace is starting to wane in response to entrenched deprivation, violent conflicts and natural disasters.
- Global hunger has been on the rise, after a prolonged decline.