CHANNEL 1 LOS ANGELES
7/13/18 MEXICO CITY
SPECIAL STORY BY JOSE DE SANTIAGO CORESPONDENT
EXCLUSIVE PRESIDENT-ELECTED PHOTO
BENITO JUAREZ WON ELECTIONS BY 5 837 VOTES 47.22 % IN the YEAR 1871
LOPEZ OBRADOR WON ELECTIONS BY 30 million 113, 483 votes 53.19% in the year 2018
The years between 1864 and 1867 determined the future of Mexico and the Liberal reforms. Juárez refused to serve in an imperial cabinet, a body of advisors under control of a foreign empire. The imperialists controlled the cities, but the countryside remained in a state of revolt. Faced with mounting costs in men and money and the rise of Prussia, which was part of the German empire, the French withdrew from Mexico.
Juárez accomplished much in the remaining four years of his life. The government began to build railroads and schools, the military budget was cut, and the Church was stripped of its large landholdings. Most important, Mexico had its first effective government, based upon the Constitution of 1857, which guaranteed free speech, free press, right of assembly (right to organize), and the abolishment of special legal privileges.
On the negative side, Juárez refused to distribute authority and insisted, despite much opposition, upon his own reelection in 1871. He sincerely believed that he alone could govern Mexico, but many now saw him as a dictator or an absolute ruler. Furthermore, he had failed to rid the country of internal tariffs (taxes) or to reduce large independent landholdings. In 1871 his army crushed the revolt of Porfirio Díaz, but the Liberal party had split into factions. On July 18, 1872, the president suffered from a stroke and died at his desk.